Effects of long chain ω-3 fatty acids on metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in combined dyslipidemia patients

G. Derosa, P. Maffioli, A. D'Angelo, S. A T Salvadeo, I. Ferrari, E. Fogari, A. Gravina, R. Mereu, S. Randazzo, A. F G Cicero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We evaluate the effect of a standardized dietary supplementation with ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on the level of some markers of vascular remodeling in patients with combined dyslipidemia. Three hundred and thirty-three patients received placebo or n-3 PUFAs for 6 months. We evaluated body mass index, glycemic profile, blood pressure, lipid profile, lipoprotein(a), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, homocysteine, fibrinogen, high-sensitivity C reactive protein, ADP, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 and -2. A significant increase of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and a significant decrease of triglycerides were present after 3 and 6 months with n-3 PUFAs intake. A significant plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, fibrinogen and high-sensitivity C reactive protein decrease was obtained after 3 and 6 months and a significant ADP increase was observed after 3 and 6 months of n-3 PUFAs. A significant MMP-2, MMP-9, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-2 decrease was obtained after 6 months compared to the baseline value with n-3 PUFAs intake. n-3 PUFAs give a better lipid profile and a better improvement of coagulation, fibrinolytic and inflammatory parameters than placebo. Furthermore, lowers levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 and their tissue inhibitors are obtained with n-3 PUFAs compared to placebo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1239-1247
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Combined dyslipidemia
  • Inflammatory parameters
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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