Effects of low-dose aspirin on clinic and ambulatory blood pressure in treated hypertensive patients

Fausto Avanzini, Gaetana Palumbo, Claudio Alli, Maria Carla Roncaglioni, Esio Ronchi, Mario Cristofari, Alberto Capra, Susanna Rossi, Lorenzo Nosotti, Carlo Costantini, Rocco Pietrofeso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs may affect blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients receiving drug treatment, but data on the effects of low-dose aspirin are scanty. This study assessed the effects of chronic treatment with low doses of aspirin (100 mg/day) on clinic and - ambulatory systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) BP in hypertensives on chronic, stable antihypertensive therapy. The study was conducted in the framework of the Primary Prevention Project (PPP), a randomized, controlled factorial trial on the preventive effect of aspirin or vitamin E in people with one or more cardiovascular risk factors. Fifteen Italian hypertension units studied 142 hypertensive patients (76 men, 66 women; mean age 59 ± 5.9 years) treated with different antihypertensive drugs: 71 patients were randomized to aspirin and 71 served as controls. All patients underwent a clinic BP evaluation with an automatic sphygmomanometer and a 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring, at baseline and after 3 months of aspirin treatment. At the end of the study the changes in clinic SBP and DBP were not statistically different in treated and untreated subjects. Ambulatory SBP and DBP after 3 months of aspirin treatment were similar to baseline: ΔSBP -0.5 mmHg (95% confidence intervals [CI] from -1.9 to +2.9 mm Hg) and ΔDBP -1.1 mm Hg (95% CI from -2.5 to +0.3 mm Hg). The pattern was similar in the control group. No interaction was found between aspirin and the most used antihypertensive drug classes (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium antagonists). Despite the relatively small sample size our results seem to exclude any significant influence of low-dose aspirin on BP control in hypertensives under treatment. (C) 2000 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume13
Issue number6 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Aspirin
  • Blood pressure control
  • Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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