Effects of olanzapine on glucose transport, proliferation and survival in C2C12 myoblasts

Giovanni Tulipano, PierFranco Spano, Daniela Cocchi

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The aim of our study was to investigate the direct effects of atypical antipsychotics on muscle cell functions in order to ascertain the diabetic liability of these drugs. We investigated the effects of olanzapine, clozapine and α-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine on basal glucose uptake and glucose uptake in response to insulin using in vitro cultures of mouse skeletal muscle satellite cells (C2C12). We extended our study to the effects of these compounds on cell proliferation, survival and differentiation into myotubes and on the growth of differentiated myotubes. Olanzapine and α-methyl-5-HT stimulated 2-deoxyglucose uptake in C2C12 myoblasts in a dose-dependent manner (minimal effective dose: 2 μM olanzapine and 10 μM α-methyl-5-HT). The treatment with clozapine had no effect on glucose transport. Insulin and olanzapine increased the plasma membrane (PM) abundance of glucose transporter GLUT4. We investigated whether protein kinase Akt (PKB) and AMP-dependent kinase may participate in mediating olanzapine effects on glucose transport. Clozapine and olanzapine did not induce DNA laddering in differentiating myoblasts and differentiated myotubes and did not affect myotube growth. Olanzapine-induced glucose disposal in vitro is consistent with the acute lowering of plasma glucose/insulin concentrations that occurs in rats before olanzapine-induced overeating [Albaugh, V.L., Henry, C.R., Bello, N.T., Hajnal, A., Lynch, S.L., Halle, B., Lynch, C.J., 2006. Hormonal and metabolic effects of olanzapine and clozapine related to body weight in rodents. Obesity 14, 36-50].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-49
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 24 2008


  • Atypical antipsychotics
  • DNA laddering
  • Glucose uptake
  • Metabolic effects
  • Skeletal muscle cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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