Effects of patient satisfaction with care on health-related quality of life: A prospective study

C. Renzi, S. Tabolli, A. Picardi, D. Abeni, P. Puddu, M. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of patient satisfaction on health-related quality of life among dermatological outpatients, independently of patients' sociodemographic, and clinical characteristics. Design: Prospective cohort study. Satisfaction was evaluated with a standardized questionnaire three days after the visit by telephone interview. Quality of life and psychiatric disorders were measured with validated instruments (Skindex-29 and Ghq-12) before the dermatological visit and after four weeks. At the four week interview also self-reported medication adherence was assessed. Setting: Outpatient clinics of a large dermatological hospital in Rome, Italy. Patients: A consecutive sample of 1389 outpatients was approached, and 52% agreed to participate. Inclusion criteria were met by 424 patients, and 396 (93%) of them completed the study. Main outcome measures: Improvement in health related quality of life. Results: At multivariate analysis satisfied patients have approximately twice the odds for an improved quality of life on the emotions scale (OR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.1 to 3.7; P = 0.03) and on the functioning scale (OR = 2.2;95% CI 1.1 to 4.7; P = 0.03). Patients with psychiatric disorders at baseline were less likely to have an improved quality of life on the functioning scale (OR = 0.3; 95% CI 0.2 to 0.8; P = 0.01). Conclusions: This is the first prospective study showing that patient satisfaction and psychiatric disorders have a significant effect on quality of life improvement among dermatological patients, independently of patient characteristics. Particular attention should be devoted to improving physicians' interpersonal skills, the major component of patient satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-718
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Patient satisfaction
  • Prospective study
  • Quality of life
  • Skin diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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