Effects of perceptive rehabilitation on balance control in patients with Parkinson's disease

Teresa Paolucci, Giovanni Morone, Augusto Fusco, Marco Giuliani, Elisa Rosati, Federico Zangrando, Vincenzo Maria Saraceni, Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Subjects affected by Parkinson's disease have substantially impaired static and dynamic balance, leading to diminished functional ability. Conventional and innovative exercises have been suggested, but most of them were focused on motor features of posture and gait, deserving poor attention to perceptive aspects of balance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the perceptive rehabilitation, based on perceptual surfaces, for postural balance (primary aim) and pain, depression and activity daily living. METHODS: In this pilot study, we have treated 9 patients with Parkinson's disease undergone rehabilitation aiming to restoring their correct body midline perception, according a schema treatment-no treatment-treatment. RESULTS: During the rehabilitative intervention, both Tinetti balance score (p = 0.007 in both phases) and Tinetti gait score (p = 0.011 and p = 0.016, respectively), such as pain relief assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (p = 0.011, p = 0.010) were improved. Conversely in the phase of no-intervention, lasting the same amount of time, it was showed a significant reduction of Tinetti Balance score (p = 0.010) and no significant changes in terms of Tinetti Gait score and Visual Analogue Scale. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results highlighted the importance of introducing perceptive training into the exercises proposed to patients with Parkinson's disease for reducing both their static and dynamic balance impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroRehabilitation
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • balance
  • low back pain
  • motor outcomes
  • Perceptive Rehabilitation
  • trunk midline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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