Purpose: Physical fitness (PF) is considered an important health marker already in youth with positive influence on adult health. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of overweight/obesity on most relevant health-related physical fitness (HRPF) components in a group of school-age children.
Methods: One hundred and thirteen children (49 male; 64 female; 11–13 years) living in Naples were recruited for the study. Height, weight, waist circumference (WC) and Body Mass Index (BMI) were measured. Physical activity (PA) level and sedentary time were determined by a standard 7-day recall questionnaire. HRPF components were evaluated using EUROFIT-test battery and other validated tests.
Results: Overweight/obesity accounted for 32 % in our sample. PA level was significantly higher in boys than in girls and was associated with better performance in several PF tests in boys. Further, boys had a significant higher performance than girls in almost all HRPF evaluated (p
Conclusions: This study confirms an inverse relationship between overweight/obesity and PF. In particular, high WC values appeared to be strongly associated with poor aerobic performance in boys. Our results also suggest that the ½ mile run–walk test represents a useful test to identify children with a higher cardio-metabolic risk as represented by high abdominal adiposity.
- Body weight
- Health-related physical fitness
- Physical activity
- Physical fitness
- Waist circumference
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine