Effects of pneumoperitoneum and reverse Trendelenburg position on cardiopulmonary function in morbidly obese patients receiving laparoscopic gastric banding

A. Casati, L. Comotti, C. Tommasino, C. Leggieri, E. Bignami, F. Tarantino, G. Torri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We prospectively evaluated the effects of pneumoperitoneum and reverse Trendelenburg position on cardiopulmonary function in 20 ASA physical status II-III morbidly obese patients (body mass index > 35 kg m-2) undergoing laparoscopic gastric banding. After general anaesthesia was induced, patients' lungs were ventilated using intermittent positive pressure ventilation (at measurement times, the following parameters were used: tidal volume 12 mL kg-1 ideal body weight, respiratory rate of 12 bpm, an inspiratory to expiratory time ratio of 1:2). Haemodynamic variables, blood gas parameters, and lung/chest compliance were recorded: in the supine position, after induction of general anaesthesia (T0, baseline) and induction of pneumoperitoneum (T1); after placing the patient in a 25°reverse Trendelenburg position (T2); during the surgical time (T3); before deflating the abdomen (T4); after pneumoperitoneum resolution (T5),and before the end of anaesthesia, with the patient supine (T6). The P(a)O2, P(a)O2/F(i)O2 ratio, and lung/chest compliance decreased during the study. After the pneumoperitoneum had been resolved, lung/chest compliance but not oxygenation parameters returned to baseline values. The arterial to end-tidal CO2 tension difference progressively increased from 0.38 ± 0.3 kPa (2.85 ± 2.25 mmHg) (T0) to 0.63 ± 0.3 kPa (4.73 ± 2.25 mmHg) (T6). In morbidly obese patients, undergoing laparoscopic gastric banding, a CO2 pneumoperitoneum markedly affected gas exchange and lung/chest compliance, while positioning the patient in a 25°reverse Trendelenburg position had no beneficial effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Anaesthesiology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Body position, Trendelenburg
  • General anaesthesia, obesity, pneumoperitoneum
  • Obesity, cardiopulmonary function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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