Effects of residential exercise training on heart rate recovery in coronary artery patients

Jacopo M. Legramante, Ferdinando Iellamo, Michele Massaro, Sergio Sacco, Alberto Galante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims of the present study are twofold: 1) to investigate whether heart rate recovery (HRR) after a cycle ergometry test is affected by exercise training and 2) to test the ability of HRR to replicate the baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) changes that occur in response to an exercise training program in coronary artery patients. We randomized 82 coronary artery patients undergoing a residential cardiac rehabilitation program to an exercise training group (TR; n = 43) and an untrained group (UTR; n = 39). All of the patients underwent an exercise test before and after the rehabilitation program. HRR was recorded at the end of the 1st and 2nd min after exercise. BRS was determined at rest before and after treatment. HRR after the 2nd min was significantly improved in TR patients (-21.4 ± 0.9 beats/min) compared with UTR patients (-17.8 ± 1.2 beats/min) at the end of the training program. Improvement in HRR paralleled that in BRS in TR patients (from 3.2 ± 0.3 to 5.3 ± 0.8 ms/mmHg; P = 0.001), whereas no significant change was evident in UTR patients (from 3.5 ± 0 to 4.0 ± 0.4 ms/mmHg; P = 0.230). Our data show that HRR in the 2nd min after the cessation of a cycle ergometer exercise test increased in coronary artery patients after an exercise training period. This result confirms the positive effect induced by exercise training on HRR and extends the conclusions of previous studies to different modalities of exercise (i.e., cycle ergometer). HRR might provide an additional simple marker of the effectiveness of physical training programs in cardiac patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume292
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Fingerprint

Coronary Vessels
Heart Rate
Exercise
Untranslated Regions
Baroreflex
Exercise Test
Education
Ergometry
Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart rate response to exercise
  • Physical training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Effects of residential exercise training on heart rate recovery in coronary artery patients. / Legramante, Jacopo M.; Iellamo, Ferdinando; Massaro, Michele; Sacco, Sergio; Galante, Alberto.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 292, No. 1, 01.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{432db801373a47a5a983381a3b4097f0,
title = "Effects of residential exercise training on heart rate recovery in coronary artery patients",
abstract = "The aims of the present study are twofold: 1) to investigate whether heart rate recovery (HRR) after a cycle ergometry test is affected by exercise training and 2) to test the ability of HRR to replicate the baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) changes that occur in response to an exercise training program in coronary artery patients. We randomized 82 coronary artery patients undergoing a residential cardiac rehabilitation program to an exercise training group (TR; n = 43) and an untrained group (UTR; n = 39). All of the patients underwent an exercise test before and after the rehabilitation program. HRR was recorded at the end of the 1st and 2nd min after exercise. BRS was determined at rest before and after treatment. HRR after the 2nd min was significantly improved in TR patients (-21.4 ± 0.9 beats/min) compared with UTR patients (-17.8 ± 1.2 beats/min) at the end of the training program. Improvement in HRR paralleled that in BRS in TR patients (from 3.2 ± 0.3 to 5.3 ± 0.8 ms/mmHg; P = 0.001), whereas no significant change was evident in UTR patients (from 3.5 ± 0 to 4.0 ± 0.4 ms/mmHg; P = 0.230). Our data show that HRR in the 2nd min after the cessation of a cycle ergometer exercise test increased in coronary artery patients after an exercise training period. This result confirms the positive effect induced by exercise training on HRR and extends the conclusions of previous studies to different modalities of exercise (i.e., cycle ergometer). HRR might provide an additional simple marker of the effectiveness of physical training programs in cardiac patients.",
keywords = "Coronary artery disease, Heart rate response to exercise, Physical training",
author = "Legramante, {Jacopo M.} and Ferdinando Iellamo and Michele Massaro and Sergio Sacco and Alberto Galante",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1152/ajpheart.00748.2006",
language = "English",
volume = "292",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0363-6119",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of residential exercise training on heart rate recovery in coronary artery patients

AU - Legramante, Jacopo M.

AU - Iellamo, Ferdinando

AU - Massaro, Michele

AU - Sacco, Sergio

AU - Galante, Alberto

PY - 2007/1

Y1 - 2007/1

N2 - The aims of the present study are twofold: 1) to investigate whether heart rate recovery (HRR) after a cycle ergometry test is affected by exercise training and 2) to test the ability of HRR to replicate the baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) changes that occur in response to an exercise training program in coronary artery patients. We randomized 82 coronary artery patients undergoing a residential cardiac rehabilitation program to an exercise training group (TR; n = 43) and an untrained group (UTR; n = 39). All of the patients underwent an exercise test before and after the rehabilitation program. HRR was recorded at the end of the 1st and 2nd min after exercise. BRS was determined at rest before and after treatment. HRR after the 2nd min was significantly improved in TR patients (-21.4 ± 0.9 beats/min) compared with UTR patients (-17.8 ± 1.2 beats/min) at the end of the training program. Improvement in HRR paralleled that in BRS in TR patients (from 3.2 ± 0.3 to 5.3 ± 0.8 ms/mmHg; P = 0.001), whereas no significant change was evident in UTR patients (from 3.5 ± 0 to 4.0 ± 0.4 ms/mmHg; P = 0.230). Our data show that HRR in the 2nd min after the cessation of a cycle ergometer exercise test increased in coronary artery patients after an exercise training period. This result confirms the positive effect induced by exercise training on HRR and extends the conclusions of previous studies to different modalities of exercise (i.e., cycle ergometer). HRR might provide an additional simple marker of the effectiveness of physical training programs in cardiac patients.

AB - The aims of the present study are twofold: 1) to investigate whether heart rate recovery (HRR) after a cycle ergometry test is affected by exercise training and 2) to test the ability of HRR to replicate the baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) changes that occur in response to an exercise training program in coronary artery patients. We randomized 82 coronary artery patients undergoing a residential cardiac rehabilitation program to an exercise training group (TR; n = 43) and an untrained group (UTR; n = 39). All of the patients underwent an exercise test before and after the rehabilitation program. HRR was recorded at the end of the 1st and 2nd min after exercise. BRS was determined at rest before and after treatment. HRR after the 2nd min was significantly improved in TR patients (-21.4 ± 0.9 beats/min) compared with UTR patients (-17.8 ± 1.2 beats/min) at the end of the training program. Improvement in HRR paralleled that in BRS in TR patients (from 3.2 ± 0.3 to 5.3 ± 0.8 ms/mmHg; P = 0.001), whereas no significant change was evident in UTR patients (from 3.5 ± 0 to 4.0 ± 0.4 ms/mmHg; P = 0.230). Our data show that HRR in the 2nd min after the cessation of a cycle ergometer exercise test increased in coronary artery patients after an exercise training period. This result confirms the positive effect induced by exercise training on HRR and extends the conclusions of previous studies to different modalities of exercise (i.e., cycle ergometer). HRR might provide an additional simple marker of the effectiveness of physical training programs in cardiac patients.

KW - Coronary artery disease

KW - Heart rate response to exercise

KW - Physical training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846195061&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846195061&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1152/ajpheart.00748.2006

DO - 10.1152/ajpheart.00748.2006

M3 - Article

VL - 292

JO - American Journal of Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology

SN - 0363-6119

IS - 1

ER -