Effects of some food components on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease severity: Results from a cross-sectional study

Antonella Mirizzi, Isabella Franco, Carla Maria Leone, Caterina Bonfiglio, Raffaele Cozzolongo, Maria Notarnicola, Vito Giannuzzi, Valeria Tutino, Valentina De Nunzio, Irene Bruno, Claudia Buongiorno, Angelo Campanella, Valentina Deflorio, Annamaria Pascale, Filippo Procino, Paolo Sorino, Alberto Rubén Osella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The high prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) observed in Western countries is due to the concurrent epidemics of overweight/obesity and associated metabolic complications, both recognized risk factors. A Western dietary pattern has been associated with weight gain and obesity, and more recently with NAFLD. Methods: This is a baseline cross-sectional analysis of 136 subjects (79 males) enrolled consecutively in the NUTRIATT (NUTRItion and Ac-TiviTy) study. Study subjects had moderate or severe NAFLD diagnosed by using Fibroscan-CAP. Food Frequency Questionnaire was used to obtain information about food intake. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and a multivariable logistic regression model. Results: The mean age was 49.58 (±10.18) with a mean BMI of 33.41 (±4.74). A significant inverse relationship was revealed between winter ice-cream intake and NAFLD severity (O.R. 0.65, 95% C.I. 0.95–0.99); chickpeas intake and NAFLD severity (O.R. 0.57, 95% C.I. 0.34–0.97), and not industrial aged-cheeses type (O.R. 0.85, 95% C.I. 0.74–0.98). A statistically significant positive association also emerged between rabbit meat (O.R. 1.23, 95% C.I. 1.01–1.49), industrial type aged cheeses (O.R. 1.17, 95% C.I. 1.01–1.35), milk-based desserts (no winter ice cream) (O.R. 1.11, 95% C.I. 1.01–1.21), fats (O.R. 1.12, 95% C.I. 1.01–1.25), and NAFLD severity. Conclusion: The fresh foods from non-intensive farming and high legume intake that characterize the Mediterranean diet would seem to be beneficial for patients with NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2744
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Food Frequency Questionnaire
  • Foods groups components
  • NAFLD severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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