Effects of stretching on maximal anaerobic power: The roles of active and passive warm-ups

C. È Emiliano, Vittoria Margonato, Maurizio Casasco, Arsenio Veicsteinas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the study was to provide practical suggestions on the effect of stretching on the maximal anaerobic power preceded by active or passive warm-up. To this aim, 15 relatively fit male subjects (age 23 ± 0.2 years, height 177 ± 2 cm, body mass 74 ± 2 kg; [mean ± SE]) randomly performed a series of squat jumps (SJ) and countermovement jumps (CMJ). Jumps were preceded alternatively by: i) passive stretching of lower limbs muscles; ii) active warm-up (AWU); iii) passive warm up (PWU); and iv) the joining of stretching with either active warm-up (AWU+S) or passive warm-up (PWU+S). In control conditions (C) only jumps were required. For the 2 jumps the flight time (Ft), the peak force (Ff), and the maximal power (Ẇpmax) were calculated. It resulted that Ft, Ff, and Ẇmax values were significantly higher: i) after AWU than after PWU and PWU+S in CMJ; and ii) in AWU as compared to those of other protocols of SJ. Stretching did not negatively affect the maximal anaerobic power, per se, but seems to inhibit the effect of AWU. The results suggested that AWU seemed to increase vertical jump performance when compared to PWU, presumably due to an increase in metabolic activity as a consequence of AWU, which did not occur in PWU, despite the same skin temperature. Passive stretching alone seemed not to negatively influence vertical jump performance, whereas, if added after AWU, could reduce the power output.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)794-800
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2008


  • Lower limb muscle
  • Maximal anaerobic power
  • Passive stretching
  • Squat jump
  • Vertical jump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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