Effects of surgical versus medical treatment on long-term prognosis in angina at rest: An observational non-randomized study of 400 patients

S. De Servi, C. Berzuini, S. Ghio, M. Ferrario, E. Poma, A. Scire, T. Ragni, M. Vigano, C. Montemartini, G. Specchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of surgical versus medical treatment on long-term prognosis in angina at rest was assessed using the Cox regression model for survival analysis in 400 patients complaining of recurrent episodes of resting chest pain associated with transient repolarization changes. The surgical group included 185 patients, and the medical group 215. Surgically treated patients more frequently had two- and three-vessel disease, while single-vessel disease prevailed in medically treated patients (P <0.01). No difference between the two groups was found in mean values of left ventricular end diastolic pressure and ejection fraction. Three variables were identified as independent predictors of prognosis in all patients: left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (P <0.001), age > 45 years (P <0.05), and number of diseased vessels (P <0.05). Treatment modality did not result in different long-term survival in the entire population. However, patients with three-vessel disease had a better outcome with surgical than with medical therapy (P <0.05). Although our conclusions must be tempered by consideration of the limitations of non-randomized studies, these results show that surgical treatment may improve survival in patients with angina at rest and three-vessel disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume9
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

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