Expression of ALP in F9 teratocarcinoma cells is induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) (Gianni' et al., Biochem. J., 274: 673-678, 1991). The specific ligand for retinoic acid related receptors (RXRs), 9-cis retinoic acid (9-cis RA), and three synthetic analogs binding to the α,β and γ forms of the retinoic acid receptors (RARs), AM580, CD2019, and CD437, were used to study their effects on alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzymatic activity and mRNA levels. At concentrations close to the Kd for their respective receptors, 9-cis RA, AM580 (the RAR α agonist) and CD437 (the RAR γ agonist) clearly upregulate the expression of the ALP gene, whereas the effect of CD2019 (the RAR β agonist) is very modest. A specific inhibitor of the RAR α, Ro 41-5253, completely blocks the induction of ALP triggered by AM580, while it has minor effects on the upregulation caused by ATRA, 9-cis RA, CD437 and CD2019. The induction of ALP observed with the various retinoids is inhibited by the contemporaneous treatment with dibutyryl cAMP. The levels of the RAR α and γ transcripts are unaltered, while RAR β mRNAs are induced by ATRA, AM580, CD437 and to a lower extent by 9-cis RA and CD2019.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology