The immunological abnormalities of polytransfused patients affected by beta-thalassaemia major have been investigated in relation to B cell function. The spontaneous in vitro production of Ig by patient peripheral mononuclear cells was not modified, while the pokeweed mitogen induced IgM synthesis was significantly reduced. However, by comparing the splenectomized and non-splenectomized patients, this alteration proved to be present only in the splenectomized group. The proliferation of patient peripheral B cells in vitro stimulated with B cell growth factor alone was not significantly enhanced in respect to the controls. These results indicate that in vivo activation state of patient B cells is not different from that of the controls. The stimulation of peripheral B cell with anti-mu or anti-alpha antibodies and anti-mu and anti-alpha antibodies plus B cells growth factor induced a significant increase in proliferative responses of B cells from the splenectomized patients. Taken together, these findings suggest that circulating B cells of thalassaemic polytransfused patients are not hyperactivated. The splenectomy can account for the immunological changes observed in our thalassaemic sample as compared to control group.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Bollettino dell'Istituto Sieroterapico Milanese|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
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