Effetti del cold pressor test e dello stress mentale sul flusso e le resistenze coronariche in pazienti con angina pectoris.

Translated title of the contribution: Effects of the cold pressor test and mental stress on coronary flow and resistance in patients with angina pectoris

S. De Servi, M. Ferrario, A. Mussini, A. Gavazzi, L. Angoli, S. Ghio, E. Bramucci, C. Montemartini, G. Specchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared the effects of cold pressor test and mental stress on coronary hemodynamics in 16 patients with coronary artery disease. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the clinical characteristics of chest pain. Group I included 5 patients complaining of angina at rest associated with transient ST-segment changes, while Group II comprised 11 patients with stable exertional angina. In all patients coronary arteriography disclosed a proximal left anterior descending artery disease. Thermodilution measurements of the great cardiac vein flow, the venous efflux from the territory supplied by the left anterior descending artery, were obtained during cold pressor test and, after return to control conditions, during a mental arithmetic stress, consisting of serial subtractions of a two-figure number from a four-figure number. Coronary resistance of the anterior region was calculated as the quotient of mean arterial pressure and the great cardiac vein flow. In both groups of patients heart rate, mean arterial pressure and the great cardiac vein flow increased significantly during cold pressor test as well as during mental stress. During cold pressor test, coronary resistance of the anterior region increased in all patients of Group I (p less than 0.05), but did not change significantly in Group II patients. During mental test, coronary resistance of the anterior region increased in 3 patients and decreased in 2 patients of Group I (p:NS), while a significant decrease in coronary resistance of the anterior region was found in all patients of Group II (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Translated title of the contributionEffects of the cold pressor test and mental stress on coronary flow and resistance in patients with angina pectoris
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)305-311
Number of pages7
JournalGiornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Volume14
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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