Effects of three cytokine regimens on hematologic recovery and progenitor cell mobilization after high-dose cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cisplatin

A. Ballestrero, F. Ferrando, A. Garuti, R. Gonella, P. Stura, M. Sessarego, D. Amoroso, F. Boccardo, Franco Patrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare both the effects on hematologic recovery and circulating progenitor cell mobilization and the toxicity of three cytokine regimens administered after high-dose non-myeloablative chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide 5 g/m2, etoposide 1.5 g/m2 and cisplatin 150 mg/m2. Thirty-five consecutive patients were non-random sequentially allocated to one of three treatment groups: (1) granulocyte colony- stimulating factor alone (n = 15); (2) granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimulating factor alone (n = 10), and (3) sequential interleukin-3 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (n = 10). Neutrophil recovery in group 1 was significantly hastened as compared to the two other groups (median 2 days, p <0.005), while no significant differences were observed between groups 2 and 3. CD34+ cells peaked about 2 days earlier in group 1 compared to the other groups (p = 0.0001), whereas the median peak value of CD34+ cells was similar in the three groups. In all patients, the toxicity related to cytokine administration was low and easily manageable with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Copyright (C) 2000 S, Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-13
Number of pages7
JournalOncology
Volume59
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000

Keywords

  • G- CSF
  • GM-CSF
  • Growth factors
  • Hematopoietic progenitors
  • High-dose chemotherapy
  • Interleukin-3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of three cytokine regimens on hematologic recovery and progenitor cell mobilization after high-dose cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cisplatin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this