The acute cardiac toxicity of three second-generation anthracycline analogues and doxorubicin was compared in a model of the rat isolated Langendorff perfused heart. The drugs, doxorubicin (DX), 4-epi-doxorubicin (4'EDX), 4-demethoxy-daunorubicin (4DMDR) and 4'-deoxy-doxorubicin (4'dxDX) were infused for 40 min at a concentration of 26 μM into the isolated hearts. All four compounds significantly reduced cardiac work and its first derivative. The time to 50% decrease in work (TW50) was respectively 36, 23, 9 and 7 min for DX, 4'EDX, 4'dxDx and 4DMDR. The three anthracycline derivatives, but not DX, significantly increased coronary resistance. Heart rate was reduced by all compounds compared with baseline, but not compared with controls. Rhythm disturbances were seen with all five hearts perfused with 4DMDR, which stopped beating before 40 min; 2/5 hearts in the 4'EDX group and 1/5 hearts in the 4'dxDX group also stopped before the end of perfusion. All the compounds reached concentrations in the myocardium 8 to 50 times higher than in the perfusing medium. The more cardiotoxic the compound, the higher was its myocardial concentration; a significant correlation was found for all four agents. Noradrenaline was never measurable in the perfusate of control and DX hearts; perfusion with the three anthracycline derivatives caused some release, but the pattern was not clearcut and the maximum concentrations attained in the perfusate were relatively low (≤1.6 X 10-9 M). In conclusion, in the rat isolated perfused heart, the early cardiotoxicity induced by equimolar concentrations of the three anthracycline compounds was greater than that induced by DX and was directly related to drug accumulation in the myocardium. Catecholamines do not seem to have a major role in the development of toxicity in this model.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science