Effects of tinnitus retraining therapy with different colours of sound

Stefania Barozzi, Umberto Ambrosetti, Susanna Løve Callaway, Thomas Behrens, Silvia Passoni, Luca Del Bo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) sound stimulation is conventionally performed with low-level broadband sound generators; since the patient has to receive it for many hours in a day, it is important that the sound is tolerable and agreeable to the patient. A clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different colour sound generators on tinnitus. The colour of a sound refers to the power spectrum of the signal. The sound generators used in this study provide the option to choose the preferred or most acceptable sound among white, red and pink noise. Methods and Findings: Changes in Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Numeric Rating Scales were measured in 20 patients after 3 and 6 months following the fitting of ear-level multi-colour sound generators. The outcomes were compared to a similar group of 20 participants receiving the same management except through conventional white noise sound generators. Significant improvements were obtained in both groups following 3 and 6 months after fitting. No significant difference was found between the two groups using one or the other type of sound. Two thirds of the patient preferred white noise, making it the most appealing amongst the options. The rest of the patients indicated red noise as the preferred sound given that it reminded them of soothing noises like shower or rainfall. No one chose pink noise. Conclusions: TRT with different colour sound generators is effective in reducing the discomfort caused by tinnitus in normal hearing patients. Enabling the patients to choose their preferred sound after short trial periods achieved higher patient satisfaction. This practice could help tailor individualized treatment for each patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-143
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Tinnitus Journal
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Tinnitus
Color
Therapeutics
Noise
Patient Satisfaction
Hearing
Ear

Keywords

  • Sound therapy
  • Tinnitus
  • Tinnitus retraining therapy
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Effects of tinnitus retraining therapy with different colours of sound. / Barozzi, Stefania; Ambrosetti, Umberto; Callaway, Susanna Løve; Behrens, Thomas; Passoni, Silvia; Bo, Luca Del.

In: International Tinnitus Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, 01.12.2017, p. 139-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barozzi, Stefania ; Ambrosetti, Umberto ; Callaway, Susanna Løve ; Behrens, Thomas ; Passoni, Silvia ; Bo, Luca Del. / Effects of tinnitus retraining therapy with different colours of sound. In: International Tinnitus Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 139-143.
@article{f9ccda60fc0e4cf39015ef7d24894453,
title = "Effects of tinnitus retraining therapy with different colours of sound",
abstract = "Background: In Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) sound stimulation is conventionally performed with low-level broadband sound generators; since the patient has to receive it for many hours in a day, it is important that the sound is tolerable and agreeable to the patient. A clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different colour sound generators on tinnitus. The colour of a sound refers to the power spectrum of the signal. The sound generators used in this study provide the option to choose the preferred or most acceptable sound among white, red and pink noise. Methods and Findings: Changes in Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Numeric Rating Scales were measured in 20 patients after 3 and 6 months following the fitting of ear-level multi-colour sound generators. The outcomes were compared to a similar group of 20 participants receiving the same management except through conventional white noise sound generators. Significant improvements were obtained in both groups following 3 and 6 months after fitting. No significant difference was found between the two groups using one or the other type of sound. Two thirds of the patient preferred white noise, making it the most appealing amongst the options. The rest of the patients indicated red noise as the preferred sound given that it reminded them of soothing noises like shower or rainfall. No one chose pink noise. Conclusions: TRT with different colour sound generators is effective in reducing the discomfort caused by tinnitus in normal hearing patients. Enabling the patients to choose their preferred sound after short trial periods achieved higher patient satisfaction. This practice could help tailor individualized treatment for each patient.",
keywords = "Sound therapy, Tinnitus, Tinnitus retraining therapy, Treatment",
author = "Stefania Barozzi and Umberto Ambrosetti and Callaway, {Susanna L{\o}ve} and Thomas Behrens and Silvia Passoni and Bo, {Luca Del}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5935/0946-5448.20170026",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "139--143",
journal = "International Tinnitus Journal",
issn = "0946-5448",
publisher = "Tinnitus Center",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of tinnitus retraining therapy with different colours of sound

AU - Barozzi, Stefania

AU - Ambrosetti, Umberto

AU - Callaway, Susanna Løve

AU - Behrens, Thomas

AU - Passoni, Silvia

AU - Bo, Luca Del

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Background: In Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) sound stimulation is conventionally performed with low-level broadband sound generators; since the patient has to receive it for many hours in a day, it is important that the sound is tolerable and agreeable to the patient. A clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different colour sound generators on tinnitus. The colour of a sound refers to the power spectrum of the signal. The sound generators used in this study provide the option to choose the preferred or most acceptable sound among white, red and pink noise. Methods and Findings: Changes in Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Numeric Rating Scales were measured in 20 patients after 3 and 6 months following the fitting of ear-level multi-colour sound generators. The outcomes were compared to a similar group of 20 participants receiving the same management except through conventional white noise sound generators. Significant improvements were obtained in both groups following 3 and 6 months after fitting. No significant difference was found between the two groups using one or the other type of sound. Two thirds of the patient preferred white noise, making it the most appealing amongst the options. The rest of the patients indicated red noise as the preferred sound given that it reminded them of soothing noises like shower or rainfall. No one chose pink noise. Conclusions: TRT with different colour sound generators is effective in reducing the discomfort caused by tinnitus in normal hearing patients. Enabling the patients to choose their preferred sound after short trial periods achieved higher patient satisfaction. This practice could help tailor individualized treatment for each patient.

AB - Background: In Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) sound stimulation is conventionally performed with low-level broadband sound generators; since the patient has to receive it for many hours in a day, it is important that the sound is tolerable and agreeable to the patient. A clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different colour sound generators on tinnitus. The colour of a sound refers to the power spectrum of the signal. The sound generators used in this study provide the option to choose the preferred or most acceptable sound among white, red and pink noise. Methods and Findings: Changes in Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Numeric Rating Scales were measured in 20 patients after 3 and 6 months following the fitting of ear-level multi-colour sound generators. The outcomes were compared to a similar group of 20 participants receiving the same management except through conventional white noise sound generators. Significant improvements were obtained in both groups following 3 and 6 months after fitting. No significant difference was found between the two groups using one or the other type of sound. Two thirds of the patient preferred white noise, making it the most appealing amongst the options. The rest of the patients indicated red noise as the preferred sound given that it reminded them of soothing noises like shower or rainfall. No one chose pink noise. Conclusions: TRT with different colour sound generators is effective in reducing the discomfort caused by tinnitus in normal hearing patients. Enabling the patients to choose their preferred sound after short trial periods achieved higher patient satisfaction. This practice could help tailor individualized treatment for each patient.

KW - Sound therapy

KW - Tinnitus

KW - Tinnitus retraining therapy

KW - Treatment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85040532693&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85040532693&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5935/0946-5448.20170026

DO - 10.5935/0946-5448.20170026

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85040532693

VL - 21

SP - 139

EP - 143

JO - International Tinnitus Journal

JF - International Tinnitus Journal

SN - 0946-5448

IS - 2

ER -