Effects of treatment strategy on endothelial function

L. Tomasoni, S. Sitia, C. Borghi, A. F G Cicero, C. Ceconi, F. Cecaro, A. Morganti, V. De Gennaro Colonna, M. Guazzi, L. Morricone, A. E. Malavazos, P. Marino, C. Cavallino, Y. Shoenfeld, M. Turiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A large body of evidence indicates that endothelial dysfunction is a characteristic of patients with arterial hypertension. As functional abnormalities lead to impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation, this early step of atherogenesis is potentially reversible.In addition to reducing blood pressure, the major families of anti-hypertensive drugs have a number of pleiotropic effects that could improve endothelial function. In particular, the renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the pathogenesis of both arterial hypertension and endothelial dysfunction, and so drugs capable of limiting the dangerous effects of this hormonal axis, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers and renin inhibitors, could help prevent/delay/reverse the atherosclerotic process. New third-generation β-blockers and 5-phosphodiesterase inhibitors may affect endothelial function.Furthermore, the HMGCoA-reductase inhibitors currently used to reduce cholesterol levels have major pleiotropic anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive effects.The preservation or recovery of endothelial function in hypertensive patients is crucial to inhibit the development of atherosclerosis and the onset of cardiovascular events. This review focuses on the ancillary effects of hypertensive drugs and HMGCoA-reductase inhibitors that go beyond lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-844
Number of pages5
JournalAutoimmunity Reviews
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Antihypertensive drugs
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Autoimmunity disease
  • Endothelial dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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    Tomasoni, L., Sitia, S., Borghi, C., Cicero, A. F. G., Ceconi, C., Cecaro, F., Morganti, A., De Gennaro Colonna, V., Guazzi, M., Morricone, L., Malavazos, A. E., Marino, P., Cavallino, C., Shoenfeld, Y., & Turiel, M. (2010). Effects of treatment strategy on endothelial function. Autoimmunity Reviews, 9(12), 840-844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2010.07.017