Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation

E. Berardesca, G. P. Vignoli, F. Distante, P. Brizzi, G. Rabbiosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Surfactant-induced irritant reactions may be elicited by several endogenous and exogenous factors. Among these, surfactant concentration, and duration and frequency of exposure play important roles. The study focuses on the influence of water temperature in determining damage of the skin barrier. 10 subjects of both sexes entered the study. 4 areas (4 x 4 cm2) were randomly selected on the volar forearm and were treated with a daily open application of 5% sodium lauryl sulphate for 4 days. The solutions were at 3 temperatures: 4°, 20° and 40°C. One site served as untreated control. On the 5th day, skin irritation was evaluated using transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measurements, erythema (a(*) value), skin reflectance (L(*) value), hydration (capacitance) and desquamation (stripping). The results show a significant effect of the solution's temperature in determining skin irritation (P <0.001). Skin damage was higher in sites treated with warmer temperatures and a highly significant correlation (P <0.001) between irritation and temperature was found. In conclusion, the study shows that water temperature during washing has an important effect on the onset of irritant contact dermatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Surface-Active Agents
Skin
Temperature
Water
Irritants
Dermatitis
Irritant Dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis
Erythema
Forearm
Washing
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Hydration
Capacitance

Keywords

  • Bioengineering methods
  • Desquamation
  • Detergents
  • Erythema
  • Irritation
  • SLS
  • TEWL
  • Water temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Toxicology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Berardesca, E., Vignoli, G. P., Distante, F., Brizzi, P., & Rabbiosi, G. (1995). Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation. Contact Dermatitis, 32(2), 83-87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0536.1995.tb00751.x

Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation. / Berardesca, E.; Vignoli, G. P.; Distante, F.; Brizzi, P.; Rabbiosi, G.

In: Contact Dermatitis, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1995, p. 83-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Berardesca, E, Vignoli, GP, Distante, F, Brizzi, P & Rabbiosi, G 1995, 'Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation', Contact Dermatitis, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 83-87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0536.1995.tb00751.x
Berardesca, E. ; Vignoli, G. P. ; Distante, F. ; Brizzi, P. ; Rabbiosi, G. / Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation. In: Contact Dermatitis. 1995 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 83-87.
@article{eefda75dc54840dfbac799b3471afbbc,
title = "Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation",
abstract = "Surfactant-induced irritant reactions may be elicited by several endogenous and exogenous factors. Among these, surfactant concentration, and duration and frequency of exposure play important roles. The study focuses on the influence of water temperature in determining damage of the skin barrier. 10 subjects of both sexes entered the study. 4 areas (4 x 4 cm2) were randomly selected on the volar forearm and were treated with a daily open application of 5{\%} sodium lauryl sulphate for 4 days. The solutions were at 3 temperatures: 4°, 20° and 40°C. One site served as untreated control. On the 5th day, skin irritation was evaluated using transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measurements, erythema (a(*) value), skin reflectance (L(*) value), hydration (capacitance) and desquamation (stripping). The results show a significant effect of the solution's temperature in determining skin irritation (P <0.001). Skin damage was higher in sites treated with warmer temperatures and a highly significant correlation (P <0.001) between irritation and temperature was found. In conclusion, the study shows that water temperature during washing has an important effect on the onset of irritant contact dermatitis.",
keywords = "Bioengineering methods, Desquamation, Detergents, Erythema, Irritation, SLS, TEWL, Water temperature",
author = "E. Berardesca and Vignoli, {G. P.} and F. Distante and P. Brizzi and G. Rabbiosi",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1111/j.1600-0536.1995.tb00751.x",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "83--87",
journal = "Contact Dermatitis",
issn = "0105-1873",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of water temperature on surfactant-induced skin irritation

AU - Berardesca, E.

AU - Vignoli, G. P.

AU - Distante, F.

AU - Brizzi, P.

AU - Rabbiosi, G.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Surfactant-induced irritant reactions may be elicited by several endogenous and exogenous factors. Among these, surfactant concentration, and duration and frequency of exposure play important roles. The study focuses on the influence of water temperature in determining damage of the skin barrier. 10 subjects of both sexes entered the study. 4 areas (4 x 4 cm2) were randomly selected on the volar forearm and were treated with a daily open application of 5% sodium lauryl sulphate for 4 days. The solutions were at 3 temperatures: 4°, 20° and 40°C. One site served as untreated control. On the 5th day, skin irritation was evaluated using transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measurements, erythema (a(*) value), skin reflectance (L(*) value), hydration (capacitance) and desquamation (stripping). The results show a significant effect of the solution's temperature in determining skin irritation (P <0.001). Skin damage was higher in sites treated with warmer temperatures and a highly significant correlation (P <0.001) between irritation and temperature was found. In conclusion, the study shows that water temperature during washing has an important effect on the onset of irritant contact dermatitis.

AB - Surfactant-induced irritant reactions may be elicited by several endogenous and exogenous factors. Among these, surfactant concentration, and duration and frequency of exposure play important roles. The study focuses on the influence of water temperature in determining damage of the skin barrier. 10 subjects of both sexes entered the study. 4 areas (4 x 4 cm2) were randomly selected on the volar forearm and were treated with a daily open application of 5% sodium lauryl sulphate for 4 days. The solutions were at 3 temperatures: 4°, 20° and 40°C. One site served as untreated control. On the 5th day, skin irritation was evaluated using transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measurements, erythema (a(*) value), skin reflectance (L(*) value), hydration (capacitance) and desquamation (stripping). The results show a significant effect of the solution's temperature in determining skin irritation (P <0.001). Skin damage was higher in sites treated with warmer temperatures and a highly significant correlation (P <0.001) between irritation and temperature was found. In conclusion, the study shows that water temperature during washing has an important effect on the onset of irritant contact dermatitis.

KW - Bioengineering methods

KW - Desquamation

KW - Detergents

KW - Erythema

KW - Irritation

KW - SLS

KW - TEWL

KW - Water temperature

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028901857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028901857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1600-0536.1995.tb00751.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1600-0536.1995.tb00751.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 7758326

AN - SCOPUS:0028901857

VL - 32

SP - 83

EP - 87

JO - Contact Dermatitis

JF - Contact Dermatitis

SN - 0105-1873

IS - 2

ER -