Effects of whole-body vibration exercises on parameters related to the sleep quality in metabolic syndrome individuals: A clinical trial study

Claudia Figueiredo Azeredo, Patrícia de Castro de Paiva, Leandro Azeredo, Aline Reis da Silva, Arlete Francisca-Santos, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Adriana Lírio Pereira da Silva, Camila Leite Bernardes-Oliveira, Juliana Pessanha-Freitas, Márcia Cristina Moura-Fernandes, Rubens Guimarães Mendonça, José Alexandre Bachur, Ygor Teixeira-Silva, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Eliane de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, Bruno Bessa Monteiro de Oliveira, Mário Fritsch Neves, Luiz Felipe Ferreira-Souza, Vinicius Layter Xavier, Daniel Lago BorgesAna Cristina Lacerda, Vanessa Amaral Mendonça, Anelise Sonza, Redha Taiar, Alessandro Sartorio, Mario Bernardo-Filho, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo

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Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an undesirable clinical condition with physiological, biochemical, clinical, and metabolic factors that contribute to increased cardiovascular risks (CR). A poor sleep quality might be found in obese and MetS individuals. Whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise has been used on the management of MetS individuals. This clinical trial investigated the effect of WBV exercise on parameters related to the sleep quality in MetS individuals. After randomization, nine individuals (seven women and two men) were exposed to a fixed frequency (FF) and ten individuals (eight women and two men) were exposed to a variable frequency (VF). Both groups performed the protocol twice a week, for 6 weeks. All of the evaluations were performed before the first and after the last sessions. Anthropometric and cardiovascular parameters were measured before and after the 6-week intervention. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Berlin Questionnaire were also used to evaluate the quality of the sleep. A significant (p ≤ 0.05) reduction of the waist circumference in the VFG and an increase of the heart rate were found in the FFG and VFG group. The score of the PSQI of the both groups decreased significantly (p = 0.01). The score of the ESS decreased (p = 0.04) only in the VF group. The scores of the Berlin Questionnaire were not altered in both groups. In conclusion, WBV intervention was capable in interfering with physiological mechanisms with effects on the WC and HR, leading to the improvement of the quality of sleep in MetS individuals. WBV exercise might be an important clinical intervention to the management of some factors associated with poor quality of sleep (FFG and VFG) and in the daytime sleepiness in MetS individuals with variable frequencies (5-16 Hz) (VFG).

Original languageEnglish
Article number5183
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Berlin Questionnaire
  • Epworth Sleepiness Scale
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
  • Sleep quality
  • Whole-body vibration exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Azeredo, C. F., de Paiva, P. D. C., Azeredo, L., da Silva, A. R., Francisca-Santos, A., Paineiras-Domingos, L. L., da Silva, A. L. P., Bernardes-Oliveira, C. L., Pessanha-Freitas, J., Moura-Fernandes, M. C., Mendonça, R. G., Bachur, J. A., Teixeira-Silva, Y., Moreira-Marconi, E., Guedes-Aguiar, E. D. O., de Oliveira, B. B. M., Neves, M. F., Ferreira-Souza, L. F., Xavier, V. L., ... de Sá-Caputo, D. D. C. (2019). Effects of whole-body vibration exercises on parameters related to the sleep quality in metabolic syndrome individuals: A clinical trial study. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 9(23), [5183]. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235183