Effects on health of air pollution: a narrative review

Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, Sergio Harari, Ida Martinelli, Massimo Franchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Air pollution is a complex and ubiquitous mixture of pollutants including particulate matter, chemical substances and biological materials. There is growing awareness of the adverse effects on health of air pollution following both acute and chronic exposure, with a rapidly expanding body of evidence linking air pollution with an increased risk of respiratory (e.g., asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer) and cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction, heart failure, cerebrovascular accidents). Elderly subjects, pregnant women, infants and people with prior diseases appear especially susceptible to the deleterious effects of ambient air pollution. The main diseases associated with exposure to air pollutants will be summarized in this narrative review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-662
Number of pages6
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Cardiovascular
  • Health effects
  • Respiratory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Internal Medicine

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