Effects on the diagnosis change and on the disability level for individuals with disorder of consciousness: Which predictors?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prediction of the functional recovery in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) is still complex because of the different numbers of variables that influence the possibility of observing changes in clinical outcome. The aim of the present study is to identify the best set of predictors of the change in DOC diagnosis among different pharmacotherapy and nonpharmacotherapy indicators. This study analyzed data collected in a longitudinal, two-evaluation, multicenter project conducted in 90 centers. We analyzed the predictor effects of physical and cognitive treatments, duration of disease, etiology, age, and sex (nonpharmacological treatments) as well as the use of antiparkinson, psycholeptic, psychoanaleptic, and muscle-relaxant drugs (pharmacological variables). Ordered logistic models, linear regression models with bootstrap estimation, and model averaging procedures were used. The results showed that physical and cognitive treatments [best predictor: odds ratio (OR)=413.3, P<0.001], age (OR=0.964, P<0.001), and use of psycholeptic drugs (negative effect: OR=0.373, P=0.039) were the variables that contributed in general toward a change in diagnosis. Notably, the use of psycholeptic drugs seemed to impede the functional recovery in patients with DOC, so serious reflections on its use will be made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • disability
  • disorders of consciousness
  • pharmacotherapy
  • treatments
  • vegetative state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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