Eficacia y seguridad de los antivíricos de acción directa para el VHC en la nefropatía crónica de leve a moderada

Translated title of the contribution: Efficacy and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents for HCV in mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease

Ezequiel Ridruejo, Rebeca Garcia-Agudo, Manuel Mendizabal, Sami Aoufi-Rabih, Vivek Dixit, Marcelo Silva, Fabrizio Fabrizi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: The advent of direct-acting antiviral agents promises to change the management of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), a patient group in which the treatment of hepatitis C was historically challenging. We investigated the safety and efficacy of all-oral, interferon-free direct-acting antiviral agents for the treatment of hepatitis C in a ‘real-world’ cohort of patients with CKD. Methods: We performed an observational single-arm multi-centre study in a large (n = 198) cohort of patients with stage 1–3 CKD who underwent antiviral therapy with DAAs for the treatment of HCV. The primary end-point was sustained virologic response (serum HCV RNA <15 IU/mL, 12 weeks after treatment ended) (SVR12). We collected data on on-treatment adverse events (AEs), severe AEs, and laboratory abnormalities. Results: The average baseline eGFR (CKD-EPI equation) was 70.06 ± 20.1 mL/min/1.72 m2; the most common genotype was HCV 1b (n = 93, 51%). Advanced liver scarring was found in 58 (46%) patients by transient elastography. Five regimens were adopted: elbasvir/grazoprevir (n = 5), glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (n = 4), ritonavir-boosted paritaprevir/ombitasvir/dasabuvir (PrOD) regimen (n = 40), simeprevir ± daclatasvir (n = 2), and sofosbuvir-based combinations (n = 147). The SVR12 rate was 95.4% (95% CI, 93.8%; 96.8%). There were nine virological failures – eight being relapsers. Adverse events occurred in 30% (51/168) of patients, and were managed clinically without discontinuation of therapy or hospitalization. One of the most common AEs was anaemia (n = 12), which required discontinuation or dose reduction of ribavirin in some cases (n = 6); deterioration of kidney function occurred in three (1.7%). Conclusions: All-oral, interferon-free therapy with DAAs for chronic HCV in mild-to-moderate CKD was effective and well-tolerated in a ‘real–world’ clinical setting. Studies are in progress to address whether sustained viral response translates into better survival in this population.

Translated title of the contributionEfficacy and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents for HCV in mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)46-52
Number of pages7
JournalNefrologia
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adverse effects
  • Antiviral agents
  • Hepatitis C
  • Kidney failure
  • Sustained virologic response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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