Efficacy and safety of sildenafil in the treatment of severe pulmonary hypertension in patients with hemoglobinopathies

Giorgio Derchi, Gian Luca Forni, Francesco Formisano, Maria Domenica Cappellini, Renzo Galanello, Giandomenico D'Ascola, Patrizio Bina, Carmelo Magnano, Martina Lamagna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives. During the last decade new approaches to the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH) have increased symptomatic relief and prolonged survival. PH is a common sequel of the hemoglobinopathies, thalassemia and sickle cell anemia, but the use of standard oral treatment options, such as calcium channel blockers, endothelin receptor antagonists, and long-term anticoagulation therapy, is limited because of toxicity and poor effectiveness. Sildenafil citrate is a selective and potent inhibitor of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) which promotes selective smooth muscle relaxation in lung vasculature and has been utilized successfully in the treatment of PH. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sildenafil treatment in the control of PH in patients with hemoglobinopathies. Design and Methods. In this study patients with hemoglobinopathies (thalassemia intermedia n=4; thalassemia major n=2; sickle thalassemia n=1) suffering from severe PH were treated with sildenafil citrate (50 mg b.i.d.) for periods ranging from 4 to 48 months. Results. A significant decrease in pulmonary pressure and improvement in exercise capacity and functional class were observed in all patients. No significant adverse events were reported. Interpretation and Conclusions. These data, in a small group of patients, indicate that sildenafil citrate is effective in the treatment of PH in hemoglobinopathies that cannot be treated with alternative oral drugs and is well tolerated long-term at a daily dose of 100 mg, though studies including more patients may uncover toxicities and limitations of efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-458
Number of pages7
JournalHaematologica
Volume90
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • Hemoglobinopathies
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Sickle thalassemia
  • Sildenafil
  • Thalassemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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