Efficacy and safety of TOBI Podhaler in Pseudomonas aeruginosa-infected bronchiectasis patients: IBEST study

Michael R. Loebinger, Eva Polverino, James D. Chalmers, Harm A.W.M. Tiddens, Herman Goossens, Michael Tunney, Felix C. Ringshausen, Adam T. Hill, Rashidkhan Pathan, Gerhild Angyalosi, Francesco Blasi, Stuart J. Elborn, Charles S. Haworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the efficacy of a safe and well-Tolerated dose and regimen of tobramycin inhalation powder (TIP) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa sputum density in patients with bronchiectasis. This is a phase II, double-blind, randomised study in bronchiectasis patients aged 18 years with chronic P. aeruginosa infection. Patients were randomised 1:1:1 to either cohort A: Three capsules of TIP once daily (84 mg); cohort B: five capsules once daily (140 mg) or cohort C: four capsules twice daily (224 mg). Within each cohort, patients were further randomised 2:2:1 either to TIP continuously, TIP cyclically (alternating 28 days of TIP and placebo) or placebo for 16 weeks, respectively and were followed up for 8 weeks. Overall, 107 patients were randomised to cohorts A (n=34), B (n=36) and C (n=37). All three TIP doses significantly reduced the P. aeruginosa sputum density from baseline to day 29 versus placebo in a dosedependent manner (p 0.0001, each). A smaller proportion of patients in the continuous-TIP (34.1%) and cyclical-TIP (35.7%) groups experienced pulmonary exacerbations versus placebo (47.6%) and also required fewer anti-pseudomonal antibiotics (38.6% on continuous TIP and 42.9% on cyclical TIP) versus placebo (57.1%) although not statistically significant. Pulmonary exacerbation of bronchiectasis was the most frequent (37.4%) adverse event. Overall, TIP was well tolerated, however, 23.4% of the patients discontinued the study drug due to adverse events. Continuous-and cyclical-TIP regimens with all three doses were safe and effective in reducing the P. aeruginosa sputum density in patients with bronchiectasis and chronic P. aeruginosa infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2001451
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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