Efficacy and use of benralizumab in patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis

G. L. Fadda, A. Galizia, P. Galizia, L. Maugeri, C. Alati, G. Cavallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic rhinosinusitis has a multifactorial etiology resulting from a dysfunctional interaction between various environmental factors and the host immune system. The patient of case report is affected by chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and a type 2 molecular pattern, has comorbid asthma and symptoms resistant to adequate medical and surgical therapy. The patient was treated with benralizumab, a mAb that binds IL-5Rα. The therapy resulted in a reduction in blood and tissue eosinophilia, but this was not associated with an improvement in the clinical and objective rhinological picture. Instead, at the lung level, there was a marked improvement in the control of severe asthma. Therefore, the patient was undergoing revision Full FESS in association with biological drug therapy. The patient showed an immediately improvement in the clinical and objective rhinological picture and this association allowed for control of the disease almost one year after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100257
JournalOtolaryngology Case Reports
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Benralizumab
  • Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Interleukin-5 receptor
  • Nasal polyps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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