Efficacy of a combination of idarubicin, etoposide and intermediate- dose cytosine arabinoside as salvage therapy in relapsing or resistant unfavorable lymphoma

Ercole Brusamolino, Francesco Passamonti, Guido Pagnucco, Carlo Castagnola, Mario Lazzarino, Carlo Bernasconi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objective. Idarubicin, an anthracycline analogue, is active in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This study evaluates the efficacy and toxicity of a combination of idarubicin, etoposide and intermediate-dose cytarabine (IVA) in unfavorable lymphoma in relapse or resistant to prior doxorubicin- or novantrone-based regimens. Design and Methods. Thirty patients with relapsing or resistant unfavorable lymphoma received a combination of idarubicin 12 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1, etoposide 60 mg/m2 i.v. every 12 hours for 3 days, and Ara-C 1 g/m2 i.v. every 12 hours for 3 days (3-hour infusion). Median age was 39 years (range: 22-60). All patients had been given prior doxorubicin or novantrone; 54% of them had received 2 or more chemotherapy regimens; 67% of total were in clinical relapse (30% in their second relapse), and 23% had resistant disease. Results. The overall response rate to IVA was 60% (18 of 30 patients). Complete remission rate was 20% (6 of 30) in the whole group, 45% (5 of 11) among patients in their first relapse. Remission median duration was 9 months (range: 1-18), with a 3-year relapse-free and overall survival of 20% and 15%, respectively. Severe neutropenia occurred in 13 patients (43%) and severe thrombocytopenia in 11 patients (37%), with a median duration of 9 and 13 days, respectively. No cardiac toxicity developed; sepsis during neutropenia was documented in four instances and two patients (7%) died of therapy-related events (septic shock). Interpretation and Conclusions. Idarubicin combined with etoposide and intermediate-dose cytarabine proved to be an active salvage therapy in unfavorable lymphoma given prior doxorubicin or novantrone; the best results were obtained among patients in their first relapse, with low tumor burden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-328
Number of pages6
JournalHaematologica
Volume83
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1998

Keywords

  • Idarubicin
  • Relapsed lymphoma
  • Resistant lymphoma
  • Salvage therapy
  • Unfavorable lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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