Objectives: To compare the effect of a soy rich diet and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on the main biomarkers of bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) at postmenopausal age. Methods: 187 healthy asymptomatic postmenopausal women, aged 39-60, were recruited and randomized into a soy rich diet group, a HRT group, and a control group. Bone biomarkers and BMD were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months at the end of the study. Results: Diet is not as effective as HRT in reducing the postmenopausal turnover; however diet stimulates bone osteoblastic activity, as evidenced by significant increase in osteocalcin concentrations. BMD decreases significantly only in the control group, but not in the intervention groups. Conclusions: Our data suggest that soy products could be effective in reducing the risk of osteoporosis in asymptomatic postmenopausal women, but our findings should be confirmed before recommending the diet as a valid alternative to HRT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology