Background: Ventilation with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the gold standard therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, it was recently suggested that a novel mode of ventilation, Bilevel-auto, could be equally effective in treating patients unable to tolerate CPAP. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of Bilevel-auto to treat OSA patients whose nocturnal ventilatory disturbances are not completely corrected by CPAP. Methods: We enrolled 66 consecutive OSA patients, not responsive to (group A) or intolerant of (group B) CPAP treatment, after a full night of manual CPAP titration in a laboratory. Full polysomnography data and daytime sleepiness score were compared for each group in the three different conditions: basal, during CPAP, and during Bilevel-auto. Results: The apnea-hypopnea index decreased signifi cantly during CPAP in both groups; however, in the group A, there was a further signifi cant improvement during Bilevel-auto. The same trend was observed for oxygenation indices, while the distribution and the effi ciency of sleep did not differ following the switch from CPAP to Bilevel-auto. Conclusions: This study confi rmed the role of Bilevel-auto as an effective therapeutic alternative to CPAP in patients intolerant of this latter mode of ventilation. Moreover, extending the use of Bilevel-auto to those OSA patients not responsive to CPAP, we showed a signifi cantly better correction of nocturnal respiratory disturbances.
- Noninvasive ventilation
- Sleep apnea
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine