Eficácia da terapia de estimulação cognitiva para idosos com demência vascular

Translated title of the contribution: Efficacy of cognitive stimulation therapy for older adults with vascular dementia

Federica Piras, Elena Carbone, Silvia Faggian, Elisa Salvalaio, Simona Gardini, Erika Borella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is an evidence-based psychosocial intervention for people with mild-to-moderate dementia due to various etiological factors. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of the CST program, Italian adaptation -CST-IT-, in individuals who have vascular dementia (VaD). Methods: Older adults with mild-to-moderate VaD (N = 35) were assigned to one of two programs: one group (N = 21) attended the 14 sessions of the CST-IT program, while the other, active control group (N = 14) took part in alternative activities. The following domains were examined: cognitive functioning, quality of life, mood, behavior, functional activities of daily living. Results: Compared with the active controls, the CST-IT group showed a greater improvement in general cognitive functioning after the intervention (i.e. score increase on the Mini-Mental State Examination and decrease on the Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale – Cognitive subscale). A trend towards improvement was also identified in short-term/working memory – the backward digit span task- and perceived quality of life (Quality of Life – Alzheimer’s Disease scale). No significant differences emerged between the two groups for the other domains considered. Conclusion: The present results support the efficacy of CST in people with vascular dementia.

Translated title of the contributionEfficacy of cognitive stimulation therapy for older adults with vascular dementia
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)434-441
Number of pages8
JournalDementia e Neuropsychologia
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST)
  • General cognitive functioning
  • Quality of life
  • Vascular dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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