Eficácia da terapia de estimulação cognitiva para idosos com demência vascular

Translated title of the contribution: Efficacy of cognitive stimulation therapy for older adults with vascular dementia

Federica Piras, Elena Carbone, Silvia Faggian, Elisa Salvalaio, Simona Gardini, Erika Borella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is an evidence-based psychosocial intervention for people with mild-to-moderate dementia due to various etiological factors. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of the CST program, Italian adaptation -CST-IT-, in individuals who have vascular dementia (VaD). Methods: Older adults with mild-to-moderate VaD (N = 35) were assigned to one of two programs: one group (N = 21) attended the 14 sessions of the CST-IT program, while the other, active control group (N = 14) took part in alternative activities. The following domains were examined: cognitive functioning, quality of life, mood, behavior, functional activities of daily living. Results: Compared with the active controls, the CST-IT group showed a greater improvement in general cognitive functioning after the intervention (i.e. score increase on the Mini-Mental State Examination and decrease on the Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale – Cognitive subscale). A trend towards improvement was also identified in short-term/working memory – the backward digit span task- and perceived quality of life (Quality of Life – Alzheimer’s Disease scale). No significant differences emerged between the two groups for the other domains considered. Conclusion: The present results support the efficacy of CST in people with vascular dementia.

Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)434-441
Number of pages8
JournalDementia e Neuropsychologia
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

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Vascular Dementia
Cognitive Therapy
Quality of Life
Short-Term Memory
Alzheimer Disease
Activities of Daily Living
Dementia
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST)
  • General cognitive functioning
  • Quality of life
  • Vascular dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Eficácia da terapia de estimulação cognitiva para idosos com demência vascular. / Piras, Federica; Carbone, Elena; Faggian, Silvia; Salvalaio, Elisa; Gardini, Simona; Borella, Erika.

In: Dementia e Neuropsychologia, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.10.2017, p. 434-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Piras, Federica ; Carbone, Elena ; Faggian, Silvia ; Salvalaio, Elisa ; Gardini, Simona ; Borella, Erika. / Eficácia da terapia de estimulação cognitiva para idosos com demência vascular. In: Dementia e Neuropsychologia. 2017 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 434-441.
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