Efficacy of combination therapy with amantadine, thymosin α1 and α/β interferon in mice infected with influenza A virus

Cartesio D'Agostini, Anna Teresa Palamara, Cartesio Favalli, Mariliana Sivilia, Giuseppe Febbraro, Cristina Bue', Enrico Garaci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the antiviral drug amantadine (AMN) administered in combination with thymosin α1 (Tα1) and murine α/β interferon (IFN) on mice infected with influenza A PR8 virus. Combined treatment with AMN and Tα1, for 4 days, followed by a single injection of IFN, was initiated 1 h after intranasal viral inoculation. The effectiveness of this new chemoimmunotherapy protocol was seen in the longterm survival of a high percentage of animals and was statistically significant when compared to treatment with single agents in conjunction with chemotherapy or to chemotherapy alone. In addition, chemoimmunotherapy treatment reduces the viral titre in the lungs as well as restoring the immunological parameters tested (natural killer cell activity; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses; CD4+/CD8+ lymphocyte subsets) with respect to all other groups. These results suggest the potential use of these immunomodulating agents in combination with an antiviral drug in controlling PR8 influenza virus infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopharmacology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • α/β interferon
  • Amantadine
  • Combination therapy
  • Influenza
  • Thymosin α1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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