Efficacy of fludarabine and mitoxantrone (FN) combination regimen in untreated indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas

P. L. Zinzani, M. Magagnoli, M. Bendandi, F. Gherlinzoni, G. Fraternali Orcioni, C. Cellini, V. Stefoni, S. A. Pileri, S. Tura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: In the last years, fludarabine (FLU) alone or in combination with other drugs has been reported to be effective in the treatment of previously treated low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (LG-NHL). The aim of this study was to define the therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of a combination of FLU and mitoxantrone (FN regimen) in untreated LG-NHL. Patients and methods: We used a two-drug combination of FLU (25 mg/m2 i.v. on days 1 to 3) and mitoxantrone (10 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1) to treat 27 previously untreated patients with LG-NHL. Chemotherapy was repeated every four weeks for a total of six cycles. Among 27 patients, 17 (63%) were diagnosed with follicular, 6 (22%) with small lymphocytic, and 4 (15%) with immunocytoma subtypes. Results: Of the 27 patients, 18 (67%) achieved complete response (CR) and 6 (22%) partial response, while the remaining 3 (11%) showed no benefit from the treatment. Regarding histology, in the follicular subtype we observed an overall response rate of 94%, with a 76.5% CR rate. The estimated two-year relapse-free survival was 83%, and overall survival was 92%. Hematologic grade 3-4 toxicity was seen in only five (3.3%) patients; no opportunistic infections or deaths were associated with the administration of the FN regimen. Conclusions: These preliminary data show that the FN regimen is a very active, well-tolerated combination chemotherapy for untreated patients with advanced LG-NHL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-365
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • First-line therapy
  • Fludarabine and mitoxantrone
  • LG-NHL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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