INTRODUCTION: The optimal management of high risk WHO grade II gliomas after surgery is debated including the role of initial temozolomide to delay radiotherapy and risk of cognitive defects. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of a phase II multicenter study on high risk WHO grade II gliomas, receiving initial temozolomide alone, has re-evaluated the long-term results within the molecular subgroups of WHO 2016. The primary endpoint of the study was response according to RANO, being seizure response, PFS and OS secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Response rate among oligodendrogliomas IDH-mutant and 1p/19q codeleted (76%) was significantly higher than that among diffuse astrocytomas either mutant (55%) or wild-type (36%). A reduction of seizure frequency > 50% was observed in 87% of patients and a seizure freedom in 72%. The probability of seizure reduction > 50% was significantly associated with the presence of an IDH mutation. Median PFS, PFS at 5 and 10 years, median OS and OS at 5 and 10 years were significantly longer in oligodendrogliomas IDH-mutant and 1p/19q codeleted. Sixty-seven percent of patients with oligodendroglioma IDH mutant and 1p/19q codeleted did not recur with a median follow up of 9.3 years, while 59% did not receive radiotherapy at recurrence with a median follow up of 8.2 years. CONCLUSIONS: The beneficial effects of initial temozolomide prevail in oligodendrogliomas IDH-mutant and 1p/19q codeleted: thus, these tumors, when incompletely resected or progressive after surgery alone, or with intractable seizures, should receive temozolomide as initial treatment with salvage radiotherapy and/o reoperation and/or second-line chemotherapy at recurrence.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neuro-Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|