Offering self-sampling devices improves participation of under-screened women. We evaluated participation in routine screening following the self-sampling intervention in two organized population-based screening programmes located in North-East Italy. Data on participation at 3-years-interval after a randomized clinical trial assessing the response to two strategies offering self-samplers (sent at home or offered free at local pharmacy) with a control action (sending reminders for a cervical specimen taken at the clinic) in 30–64 yr-old women non-respondent to the regular call-recall invitation were analyzed. Up to April 2016, 2300 women out of the 2995 recruited in the trial in 2011 were re-invited to perform a screening test at clinic; overall, 698 women adhered. Participation was similar in the three arms (29–32%), and highest (47–68%) among those who participated in the previous round. Over the two rounds, 44.6%, 32.3% and 30.3% women had at least one test in the self-sampling at home, self-sampling at pharmacy and test at the clinic arms, respectively. Our data indicate that the beneficial effect of offering self-sampling devices to nonparticipating women is maintained over time. Self-samplers are useful to increase overall coverage; their sporadic use does not seem to increase the proportion of women regularly repeating the test.
- Cervical cancer
- HPV test
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health