Efficacy of short-term intrapulmonary percussive ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Amidio Testa, Silvia Galeri, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Camilo Corbellini, Paolo Pillastrini, Stefano Negrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We evaluated the effectiveness of intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV) compared to traditional standard chest physical therapy (CPT) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and productive cough. Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental clinical trial. Twenty patients, 40% female (mean±SD age: 70±8 years), with COPD and productive cough received a multimodal respiratory treatment including IPV and CPT or a control intervention CPT for 10 days. Outcomes: PImax, PEmax, heart rate, respiratory rate, SBP, DBP, Likert scale, Borg dyspnea scale and arterial blood gas analysis: PO2, PCO2, pH, HCO3 and SpO2 measurements. All measures were collected at baseline and at the end of the intervention. We used repeated ANOVA to examine the effects of interventions within groups, between-subjects and the within-subjects. Results: A significant effect of time interaction (F=7.27; p=0.015, F=6.16; p=0.02 and F=7.41; p=0.014) existed for PO2, SpO2 and dyspnea over the moderate COPD and productive cough immediately after the intervention (all, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-903
Number of pages5
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Chest
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Intrapulmonary percussive ventilation
  • Physical therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

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