Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of a new high-purity factor X concentrate in subjects with hereditary factor X deficiency

S. K. Austin, K. Kavakli, M. Norton, F. Peyvandi, A. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Hereditary factor X (FX) deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder affecting 1:500 000 to 1:1 000 000 of individuals. Until recently, no specific replacement factor concentrate was available. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess safety and efficacy of a new, high-purity plasma-derived FX concentrate (pdFX) in subjects with hereditary FX deficiency. Methods: Subjects aged ≥12 years with moderate or severe FX deficiency (plasma FX activity -1) received 25 IU kg-1 pdFX as on-demand treatment or short-term prophylaxis for 6 months to 2 years. Subjects assessed pdFX efficacy for each bleed; at end-of-study, investigators assessed overall pdFX efficacy. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis were obtained at baseline and ≥6 months. Safety was assessed by adverse events (AEs), inhibitor development and changes in laboratory parameters. Results: Sixteen enrolled subjects (six aged 12-17 years; 10 aged 18-58 years) received a total of 468 pdFX infusions. In the 187 analysed bleeds, pdFX efficacy was categorized as excellent, good, poor or unassessable in 90.9%, 7.5%, 1.1% and 0.5% of bleeds respectively; 83% of bleeds were treated with one infusion. For pdFX, mean (median; interquartile range) incremental recovery and half-life were 2.00 (2.12; 1.79-2.37) IU dL-1 per IU kg-1 and 29.4 (28.6; 25.8-33.1) h respectively. No serious AEs possibly related to pdFX or evidence of FX inhibitors were observed, and no hypersensitivity reactions or clinically significant trends were detected in laboratory parameters. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that a dose of 25 IU kg-1 pdFX is safe and efficacious for on-demand treatment and short-term prophylaxis in subjects with moderate or severe hereditary FX deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHaemophilia
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • Clinical trial
  • Clotting factor concentrate
  • Efficacy
  • Factor X deficiency
  • Orphan drug
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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