Saposin (Sap) C is a small lysosomal disulfide bridge-containing glycoprotein required for glucosylceramide (GC) hydrolysis by glucosylceramidase (GCase). Sap C deficiency causes a variant form of Gaucher disease (GD), a rare genetic disorder characterized by GC accumulation in lysosomes of monocyte/macrophage lineage. Efforts to develop fast and efficient methodologies to express and purify Sap C have been made in the last years. Here, human Sap C was expressed in a bacterial strain that greatly enhances disulfide bond formation, and the recombinant protein was purified in a single chromatographic step using an affinity tag-based protein purification system. Mass spectrometry analysis demonstrated that disulfide bridges required for Sap C stability and functionality were retained. Consistently, the recombinant protein was shown to interact with anionic phospholipids-containing vesicles, and reconstitute GCase activity in vitro. Recombinant Sap C was efficiently endocytosed by Sap C-deficient fibroblasts, and targeted to lysosomes. These findings document that the bacterially purified Sap C exerts biological properties functionally equivalent to those observed for the native protein, indicating its potential use in the development of therapeutic intervention.
- Affinity chromatography
- Mass spectrometry
- Protein-anionic phospholipids interactions
- Sphingolipid activator protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas