EGF-related antisense oligonucleoltides inhibit the proliferation of human ovarian carcinoma cells

A. Casamassimi, A. De Luca, S. Agrawal, K. Stromberg, D. S. Salomon, N. Normanno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like peptides CRIPTO (CR), amphiregulin (AR) and transforming growth factor α (TGFα) are expressed in human ovarian carcinomas. Materials and methods: The expression of AR, CR and TGFα in ovarian carcinoma cell lines was assessed by immunocytochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The antiproliferative effects of antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (AS S-Oligos) directed against either AR, CR or TGF α was evaluated by using a clonogenic assay. Results: A majority of the ovarian carcinoma cell lines was found to express TGFα, AR and CR mRNAs and proteins. AS S-Oligos directed against either AR, CR or TGFα were able to inhibit the anchorage- independent growth of NIH:OVCAR3 and NIH:OVCAR8 cells in a dose dependent manner. A 30%50% growth inhibition was observed at a 2 μM concentration of the AS S-Oligos. Treatment of these cells with combinations of EGF-related AS S-Oligos resulted in a more significant growth inhibition when compared to treatment with a single AS S-oligo. A 60%-75% growth inhibition was observed using combinations of AR, CR and TGFα AS S-oligos at a total concentration of 2 μM. An additive growth-inhibitory effect occurred when ovarian carcinoma cells were exposed to the AS S-Oligos after treatment with either paclitaxel or cis-platinum. Conclusions: These data suggest that EGF-related peptides function as autocrine growth factors in ovarian carcinoma cells, and that they might represent targets for experimental therapy of ovarian carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-325
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Antisense oligonucleotides
  • EGF-related peptides
  • Ovarian carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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