The fusion gene EML4-ALK (echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 gene and the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene) was recently identified as a novel genetic alteration in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EML4-ALK translocations correlate with specific clinical and pathological features, in particular lack of EGFR and K-ras mutations, and may be associated with resistance to EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Here, we report a case of a patient with a concomitant EGFR mutation and ALK translocation resistant to erlotinib. Considering this report, ALK status should be investigated in unexplained cases of EGFR-TKI-resistance of EGFR mutated NSCLCs.
- EGFR mutations
- Non-small cell lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research