Eight parathyroid glands incidentally discovered during a surgical intervention for secondary hyperparathyroidism: An unusual clinical finding

Giovanni Amato, E. Lalli, G. Mazziotti, G. De Felice, M. Rotondi, G. Vitolo, A. Saggese, A. Livrea, A. Bellastella, C. Carella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Here we describe the uncommon case of a Caucasian male with secondary hyperparathyroidism due to 8 parathyroid glands discovered in the course of a surgical exploration. The patient (age 49 yr) with a 21-yr history of chronic renal failure came to our observation in June 1999 complaining of depression, muscle weakness, bone and joint pain, movement hindrance. The biochemical evaluation evidenced low-normal serum calcium, high phosphorus and PTH levels. The symptoms and the biochemical findings were suggestive for secondary hyperparathyroidism. The neck US revealed an increase of thyroid gland volume with diffuse hyperechogenity; two nodules of 20 and 25 mm as maximum diameter were found in the thyroid parenchyma, while 4 hypoechogenous nodules (maximum diameter ranging from 13.0 to 30.0 mm) with clean borders and anechogenous areas inside were evidenced in the rear side of the thyroid lobes. The parathyroid scan with 99mTc and 201 Tl demonstrated increased uptake bilaterally in the inferior side of the neck. The patient underwent a total parathyroidectomy with near total thyroidectomy in November 1999. Histological examination of surgical specimen evidenced 6 hyperplastic parathyroid glands in back side of the 2 lobes (3 on the right and 3 on the left), and the examination of the thyroid gland showed 2 hyperplastic parathyroids (5 mm and 15 mm maximum diameter) into the 2 nodules previously evidenced by US. The physiopathological and clinical and therapeutic implications of this observation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-803
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume25
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2002

Keywords

  • PTH
  • Renal failure
  • Secondary hyperparathyroidism
  • Supernumerary parathyroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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