Age is a risk factor and a prognostic parameter in elderly aggressive- histology non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients. Several adapted chemotherapeutic regimens have recently been designed and tested on elderly patients. Several of these trials have shown that older aggressive-histology NHL patients can benefit from specific and adequate treatment capable of curing a percentage of these patients. Between January 1992 and September 1997, 350 previously untreated aggressive-histology NHL patients greater than 60 years of age were treated with a combination therapy including cyclophosphamide, mitoxantrone, vincristine, etoposide, bleomycin, and prednisone (VNCOP-B). Complete remission (CR) was achieved by 202 (58%) patients and partial remission (PR) by 87 (25%), whereas the remaining 61 (17%) patients were nonresponders. The overall response rate (CR + PR) was 83%. Clinical and hematologic toxicities were modest, because 71% of the patients received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). The CR rates for the three age groups (60 to 69, 70 to 79, and ≥80 years) were similar: 61%, 59%, and 56%, respectively. At 5 years, the relapse-free survival rate was 65%, the overall survival rate was 49%, and the failure-free survival rate was 33%. In the multivariate analysis, prognostic factors associated with longer survival or longer relapse-free survival turned out to be localized disease stage (P = .001) and good performance status (P = .0002). Application of the International Prognostic Factor Index was significantly associated with outcome (P = .001). These data confirm on a large cohort of patients that the VNCOP-B regimen is effective in inducing good CR and relapse-free survival rates with only moderate toxic effects in elderly aggressive-histology NHL.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 1999|
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