Elderly Algerian women lose their sex-advantage in terms of arterial stiffness and cardiovascular profile

Mohamed Temmar, Ghassan Watfa, Laure Joly, Anna Kearney-Schwartz, Merabia Youcef, Selt Bensalah, Yahia Mustapha, Paolo Salvi, Sylvie Gautier, Michel Safar, Carlos Labat, Athanase Benetos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:: Several studies have shown lower carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) levels in women compared to men, a difference that could partially explain the increased longevity in women. However, these studies have been performed in industrial countries while few data are available in emerging populations. We studied arterial stiffness, as evaluated by cfPWV, in elderly Algerian men and women. METHODS:: CfPWV was studied in 321 Algerian men (81.2 ±â€Š5.3 years) and women (81.1 ±â€Š4.4 years). An age-matched and sex-matched cohort of European individuals (n†Š= 321) was used as a control group. RESULTS:: Comparatively to men, Algerian women exhibited higher BMI and heart rate (HR), higher prevalence of hypertension, and were more frequently treated for hypertension. cfPWV was not different between Algerian men (14. 8 ±â€Š3.3 m/s) and women (14.9 ±â€Š3. 4 m/s). By contrast, in Europeans, women had lower cfPWV (12.7 ±â€Š2.7  m/s) than men (14.0 ±â€Š3. 3 m/s; P 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2244-2250
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • aging
  • Algerian
  • arterial stiffness
  • European
  • pulse wave velocity
  • sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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