Elective Embolization of Splenic Artery Aneurysms with an Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer Agent (Squid) and Detachable Coils

Massimo Venturini, Paolo Marra, Luigi Augello, Anna Colarieti, Giorgia Guazzarotti, Diego Palumbo, Carolina Lanza, Germano Melissano, Roberto Chiesa, Francesco De Cobelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To report the safety and efficacy of the embolization of splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) with coils plus ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) agent. Materials and Methods: A single-center retrospective study was conducted from 2016 to 2019 to collect SAAs. Twelve asymptomatic patients (mean age, 59 years) with 15 SAAs (mean size, 23.6 mm; size range, 15–40 mm) were treated with embolization. Embolization was performed with EVOH (Squid 8/34) and fibered detachable coils. Transfemoral embolization was performed with a microcatheter to achieve a splenic artery occlusion embolizing the SAA and its efferent and afferent branches. Follow-up was based on color Doppler ultrasound at 24 hours and on computed tomography (CT) angiography at 1 (n = 12) and 6 months (n = 12) after embolization. Mean number of coils and Squid vials used for each patient, major/minor complications, technical success, 30-day clinical success, cases of revascularization/reintervention, and mortality were assessed. Technical success was defined as complete exclusion of the aneurysmal segment and cessation of blood flow into the sac. Clinical success at 1 month was based on the absence of clinical symptoms and the exclusion of aneurysm revascularization on CT angiography. Results: The mean number of coils and Squid vials was 5.75 (standard deviation [SD], 1.58; range, 3–9) and 1.41 (SD, 0.49; range, 1–2), respectively. Both technical and 30-day clinical success were 100%, with no cases of aneurysm revascularization (CT angiography performed in all patients at 1 month and 6 months and in 3 patients at 24 months). No major complications or fatal events were recorded. In terms of minor complications, 2 cases of mild pancreatitis (transient amylases increase) and 1 case of focal splenic ischemia without clinical sequelae were recorded. Conclusions: Embolization in SAAs using coils plus EVOH was safe and effective without SAA revascularization

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1117
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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