Electrically evoked 5-hydroxytryptamine efflux in rat hypothalamus studied using in vivo amperometry

L. Terreni, C. Gemma, M. G. De Simoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Changes in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) efflux have been studied for the first time using differential pulse amperometry (DPA). In vitro observations show that the oxidation potential of 5-HT at 37°C is 160 mV. The amperometric signal corresponding to 5-HT was measured in the lateral hypothalamus after brief electrical stimulation of the dorsal raphe nucleus (10 s, 25 or 50 Hz, 300 μA) every 5 or 10 min. Pargyline (100 mg/kg ip) and d-norfenfluramine (5 mg/kg ip) increased the signal to 194 and 243%, respectively. Tetrodotoxin (1 μl, 100 mM), injected in the proximity of the working electrode, caused the signal to disappear. 8-OH-DPAT (250 μg/kg sc) reduced it to 64% for about 1 h and this effect was completely prevented by the 5HT(1A) antagonist WAY 100635 (1 mg/kg sc). L-Tryptophan (100 mg/kg ip) increased the amperometric signal to 136%. No change was detected when the 5-HT precursor was given to rats pretreated with PCPA (150 mg/kg per day p.o. for 3 days). In conclusion, DPA represents a sensitive-and selective approach for studying 5-hydroxytryptaminergic function, offering a good temporal and anatomical specificity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996


  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine
  • 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin
  • Amperometry
  • d-Norfenfluramine
  • Hypothalamus
  • In vivo electrochemistry
  • L-Tryptophan
  • WAY 100635

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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