Electrophysiological efficacy of temperature-controlled bipolar radiofrequency

Alberto Pozzoli, Maurizio Taramasso, Daniele Filippo Colombo, Francesco Ancona, Domenico Cianflone, Paolo Della Bella, Ottavio Alfieri, Stefano Benussi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Clinical success of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation depends on persistent block of electrical conduction across the ablation lines. The fate of ablations performed with temperature-controlled bipolar radiofrequency (RF) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to validate the electrophysiological (EP) efficacy of these lesions, recording pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) after open chest ablation, in the human being. METHODS: Ten consecutive mitral patients (mean age: 53 ± 12 years) with concomitant AF were treated with the Cobra Revolution (Estech, San Ramon, CA, USA) bipolar RF device were enrolled for EP assessment. During surgery, pairs of additional temporary wires were positioned on the right PVs (RPV) and on the roof of the left atrium (RLA), before ablation. Pacing thresholds (PTs) were assessed before, after a single encircling ablation and at chest's closure. EP study was repeated before discharge and at 3 weeks. RLA wires served as control. RESULTS: Baseline PTs were 0.83 ± 0.81 mA (range 0.2-3 mA) from RPV and 1.13 ± 0.78 mA (range 0.3-3 mA) from RLA. PVI was reached in all patients acutely, and was maintained at 1 week. At 3 weeks, the PTs were 14.3 ± 4.3 mA from RPV (range 7-20 mA) and 3.1 ± 1.3 mA (range 1.5-7 mA) from RLA. All patients were discharged in sinus rhythm. CONCLUSIONS: Cobra Revolution temperature-controlled bipolar RF provides complete PVI after a single ablation up to 1 week. This notwithstanding, only 30% of patients were completely isolated (exit block validation) at 3 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberezv016
Pages (from-to)e188-e192
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 19 2014


  • Arrhythmia
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Conduction block
  • Temperature-controlled bipolar radiofrequency ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Electrophysiological efficacy of temperature-controlled bipolar radiofrequency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this