Elite volunteer athletes of different sport disciplines may have elevated baseline GH levels divorced from unaltered levels of both IGF-I and GH-dependent bone and collagen markers: A study on-the-field

A. Sartorio, N. Marazzi, F. Agosti, G. Faglia, C. Corradini, E. De Palo, S. Cella, A. Rigamonti, E. E. Muller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Seventy-seven Italian elite athletes (42 M, 35 F, mean age±SE: 24.4±0.7 yr, age range: 17-47 yr) of different sport disciplines (sprinters, triathletes, middle-distance runners, road-walkers, cyclists, rowing athletes, skiers, roller hockey players, swimmers) were sampled on-the-field (before a training session) for the determination of basal GH, IGF-I, C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) and amino-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) levels, two GH-dependent peripheral markers of bone and collagen turnover, respectively. Basal GH concentrations were significantly higher (p<0.001) in female (5.8±1.0 ng/ml) vs male athletes (1.8±0.5 ng/ml), with a large spread of values in either gender. Mean GH levels of athletes were significantly higher than those recorded in age-matched sedentary controls (females: 2.5±0.5 ng/ml, p9.5 ng/ml), while among males 7/42 had values higher than the upper limit of male sedentary controls (>3.6 ng/ml). No significant differences in basal GH concentrations were found between females taking oral contraceptives (OC) and those who did not receive this treatment (5.0±2.1 vs 6.0±1.2 ng/ml). IGF-I levels (236.4±7.8 ng/ml) were in the normal range for age in all athletes (except for 1 athlete with slightly increased levels), no significant correlation being found between GH and IGF-I levels (R2=0.0393). Mean ICTP (4.6±0.2 ng/ml) and PIIINP (4.4±0.1 ng/ml) concentrations of elite athletes were not significantly different from those recorded in age and matched healthy sedentary subjects; 4 athletes showed increased PIIINP levels and 2 had increased ICTP levels. ICTP and PIIINP levels were positively correlated with chronological age (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-415
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume27
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Bone turnover
  • Collagen synthesis
  • Elite athletes
  • GH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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