EMDR therapy for PTSD after motor vehicle accidents

Meta-analytic evidence for specific treatment

Maddalena Boccia, Laura Piccardi, Pierluigi Cordellieri, Cecilia Guariglia, Anna Maria Giannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims may suffer both acute and post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD). With PTSD affecting social, interpersonal and occupational functioning, clinicians as well as the National Institute of Health are very interested in identifying the most effective psychological treatment to reduce PTSD. From research findings, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is considered as one of the effective treatment of PTSD. In this paper, we present the results of a meta- analysis of fMRI studies on PTSD after MVA through activation likelihood estimation. We found that PTSD following MVA is characterized by neural modifications in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), a cerebral structure involved in fear-conditioning mechanisms. Basing on previous findings in both humans and animals, which demonstrate that desensitization techniques and extinction protocols act on the limbic system, the effectiveness of EMDR and of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) may be related to the fact that during these therapies the ACC is stimulated by desensitization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume9
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 21 2015

Fingerprint

Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing
Motor Vehicles
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Accidents
Gyrus Cinguli
Therapeutics
Limbic System
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Cognitive Therapy
Fear
Meta-Analysis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Psychology
Research

Keywords

  • Acute psychological distress
  • ALE meta-analysis
  • Post-traumatic stress disorders
  • Road traffic accident
  • Traumatic single event

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

EMDR therapy for PTSD after motor vehicle accidents : Meta-analytic evidence for specific treatment. / Boccia, Maddalena; Piccardi, Laura; Cordellieri, Pierluigi; Guariglia, Cecilia; Giannini, Anna Maria.

In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Vol. 9, No. APR, 21.04.2015, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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