Emergence times are similar with sevoflurane and total intravenous anesthesia: Results of a multicenter rct of patients scheduled for elective supratentorial craniotomy

Enrico Lauta, Crescenza Abbinante, Alfredo Del Gaudio, Fulvio Aloj, Margherita Fanelli, Paolo De Vivo, Concezione Tommasino, Tommaso Fiore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nearly every anesthetic agent has been used for craniotomy, yet the choice between intravenous or volatile agents has been considered an area of significant debate in neuroanesthesia. We designed a Randomized Clinical Trial to test the hypothesis that inhalation anesthesia (sevoflurane/ remifentanil-group S) reduces emergence time by 5 minutes compared with intravenous anesthesia (propofol/remifentanil-group P) in patients undergoing neurosurgery for supratentorial neoplasms. METHODS: Adult ASA I-III elective patients were randomly assigned to group S or P. The primary outcome was time to reach an Aldrete test score (AS) of more than equal to 9; secondary outcomes were times to eyes opening (TEO) and extubation (ET), adverse events, intraoperative hemodynamics, brain relaxation score (BRS), opioid consumption, and diuresis. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between S (n=149) and P (n=153) treatments in primary outcomes: median time to reach AS=9 was 5 minutes (25th to 75th percentile 5 to 10 minutes in both groups, P ≥ 0.05); and 15 minutes to reach AS=10 (P group 95% CI=10.3-19.7 min; S group 95% CI=11.4-18.5min, P ≥ 0.05) in both groups.TEO and ET expressed as median values (95% CI) were, respectively: 8 (6.8 to 9.2) minutes in group P versus 6 (4.6 to 7.4) in group S, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-118
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Craniotomy
  • Inhalation anesthesia
  • Intravenous anesthesia
  • Neurosurgery
  • Neurosurgical anesthesia
  • Propofol
  • Sevoflurane
  • Superiority clinical trial
  • Supratentorial neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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