Emergency department attendance for injury and behaviours suggestive of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A cross-sectional study

Ester Conversano, Alice Tassinari, Lorenzo Monasta, Aldo Skabar, Matteo Pavan, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi, Giorgio Cozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The study aimed to investigate if the behaviours suggestive of ADHD were more frequent in a population of children attending the Emergency Department (ED) for injuries, rather than for other causes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. Patients, aged 6 to 17 years, attending the ED for acute injuries and other causes were considered cases and controls, respectively. We used a questionnaire, which investigates the presence in the child of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The primary outcome was the number of children with behaviours suggestive of ADHD in cases and controls. Results: Five hundred forty-five children were enrolled, 251 with injuries and 294 with other complains. Twenty two out of two hundred fifty one (9%) children visited for injuries, and 30 out of 294 (10%) visited for other causes had behaviours suggestive of ADHD (p = 0.661). Among these cases, children with evocative ADHD scores had a higher probability (OR 4.52; 95% CI 1.45-14.04; p = 0.009) of having had more than five previous ED accesses due to injury, compared to the others. Conclusions: This study did non shown a difference in behaviours suggestive of ADHD between cases and controls, but identified a population of children with behaviours suggestive of ADHD who more frequently access the ED for injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number266
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 29 2020

Keywords

  • Impulsiveness
  • Inattentiveness
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders
  • Screening
  • Trauma
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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