Emerging role of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae in paediatric respiratory-tract infections

Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increased use of specialised diagnostic techniques over the past 10 years has allowed considerable new information to be obtained concerning Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections. In children, these pathogens seem to have a more important role in causing respiratory-tract infections than previously thought; they have been associated with wheezing, and they are also frequent in children aged under 5 years. Contrary to original belief, no clinical, laboratory, or radiological findings seem to be unique to M pneumoniae or C pneumoniae; furthermore, there is no rapid and cost-effective diagnostic test capable of identifying these pathogens. Appropriate antimicrobial treatment of the infections they cause is needed to reduce the recurrent episodes of wheezing and other respiratory symptoms, to decrease morbidity, and to avoid the spread of the pathogens. However, a number of therapeutic issues remain unsolved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-344
Number of pages11
JournalThe Lancet Infectious Diseases
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2001

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Chlamydophila pneumoniae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Respiratory Sounds
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pneumonia
Pediatrics
Chlamydia Infections
Routine Diagnostic Tests
Morbidity
Costs and Cost Analysis
Therapeutics
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Emerging role of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae in paediatric respiratory-tract infections. / Principi, Nicola; Esposito, Susanna.

In: The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 1, No. 5, 01.12.2001, p. 334-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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